Digital Smoke Signals

A version of this article appeared in Rural America In These Times in October 2018. For more on topics like this, see my book, American Apartheid: The Native American Struggle for Self-Determination and Inclusion.

Silicon Valley met Indian country in Minneapolis. In a two-day early-October session, longtime software developer Deepak Puri taught tribal representatives—from Leech Lake, Red Lake, Menominee, Rosebud, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Crow Creek, Lower Brule, Navajo, and more—to use cheap, fast, off-the-shelf technology to supercharge voter access to the polls in Indian country. 

As Puri explained the steps, attendees dug into their cellphones and laptops and quickly created a succession of bots, videos, coded maps, and other high-tech items. The  results looked to be effective weapons against the continual and extreme suppression of the Native vote, covered by In These Times and by Rural America In These Times, including hereherehere, and here.

“It’s the twenty-first-century moccasin path,” said Judith LeBlanc, Caddo Nation director of event sponsor Native Organizers Alliance, a nationwide forum for grassroots tribal groups. 

OJ Semans agreed. He is the Rosebud Sioux codirector of the event’s cosponsor, Four Directions civil-rights group. Semans told attendees, “You have all been taught by your grandparents. Now you can use those lessons in the twenty-first century.” 

The technology tools explored in the meeting are intended for reservations’ use during the 2018 midterm elections, which are perceived as critical for the nation as a whole as well as for Indian country. Additionally, the tools may be helpful for the scores of Native candidates who have declared this year for offices ranging from governor of Idaho and lieutenant governor of Minnesota to congressional representative from New Mexico. 

The complete range of tech tools should be fully operational and universally available for Native communities by 2020, according to Semans. He said that some tools work better on certain reservations, while others may be most effective elsewhere. “We will learn as we go and customize as needed,” he said. 

Learning to create short, vivid, crowd-sourced videos and share them locally and with the press was one of the goals of the training by Puri, who is a director of Democracy Labs. After the 2016 election, he helped found the nonprofit. The group’s tagline is “New Ways to Win: We deliver technology and storytelling innovation to progressives,” and its trainings are pro-bono.


“This country has given us so much, but what is happening is not right,” Puri said. After he and his wife participated in the January 2017 Women’s March in Washington, D.C., he said they asked themselves, “What can we do to make a difference?” 

Another training goal in Minneapolis was devising efficient real-time solutions for election-related problems, such as a voter needing a ride to a registration office or the polls, unusually long lines at a polling place, or voter harassment. A voter or election observer could use voice or text to transmit the problems to a coordinator, who would snap them onward to individuals assigned to deal with them. For example, a get-out-the-vote driver would be dispatched to pick up the voter or a lawyer would be sent to check on the excessive lines or harassment. 

“You don’t need a call center with fifty people,” Puri said. “You can do all of this with one administrator and a laptop.” The simplicity and convenience of the technology tools makes them powerful, Puri said. He called them great equalizers in a country where money—really big money—monopolizes the conversation in politics. 

Puri noted that the Native culture of storytelling is another advantage. “This means compelling narratives for videos they make,” he said, and this, in turn, enhances tribal members’ ability to get their message out. 

LeBlanc called Election Day a transitional moment—one that, with planning and work, can lead to a new kind of influence for Native communities. “Election Day is an exclamation point, the end of one stage and the beginning of another, when we bring people we have elected into our communities to understand our priorities. We can make the Native vote visible. We will ensure that we can show what we want done.” 

Text and photos c. Stephanie Woodard.

Popular Posts

Online Powwow Rallies Georgia Native Vote

The Adoption Era, defined: Native Americans expose a forgotten period in their history

Buffalo to the Rescue!